John George Nicolay (26, February, 1832 – 26 September, 1901) served as the private secretary to Abraham Lincoln, and co-authored his biography with John M. Hay.
- John George Nicolay was born as Johann Georg Nicolai in Essingen, Germany (the Kingdom of Bavaria at the time).
- At the age of six, young Mr. Nicolai and his father immigrated to the United States, Cincinnati, Ohio to be exact.
- Moving to Pittsfield, Illinois, Mr. Nicolay edited the Pike County Free Press which is what gave him political power.
- Becoming the assistant to the secretary of state of Illinois, he met Abraham Lincoln who appointed him as his private secretary in 1861.
- After the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln, Mr. Nicolay served as the American Consul in Paris, France and then Marshall of the Supreme Court of the United States.
- Together with John M. Hay, also a private secretary to President Lincoln. Together they published the President Lincoln’s autobiography in The Century Magazine serially from 1886 to 189. The publications were collected into a 10 volume biography of the President called Abraham Lincoln: A History.
- In 1881 he published The Outbreak Of Rebellion: Campaigns Of The Civil War a memoir from his unique vantage points in the White House, sharing many momentous moments, as well as the nation’s traumas with the President.
- In 1894, Mr. Nicolay published a collection of Lincoln’s writings.
- John George Nicolay was a founding member of the Literary Society of Washington in 1874. The society was meant to be a group of friends who met for “literary and artistic improvement and entertainment”.
- In the 1992 Documentary Lincoln, Mr. Nicolay is voiced by Arnold Schwarzenegger.
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