Pío Baroja (28 December, 1872 – 30 October, 1956) was a Spanish writer, biographer and physician.
- Born as Pío Baroja y Nessi in San Sebastián , his father was Serafin Baroja, a noted writer at the time.
- Baroja started writing seriously at the age of 13.
- Even though he was a licensed physician, he only practiced for a short time in Cestona. His time as a student, however, was not wasted as it was material for his novel The Tree of Knowledge (El árbol de la ciencia – 1911).
- Other jobs the writer had were managing bakery of his aunt Juana Nessi ,and running for the Spanish parliament as a radical Republican.
- In 1899 the author met the Oscar Wilde and Jacques Élisée Reclus.
- In 1903 Mr. Baroja visited Tangier as a war correspondent for the newspaper El Globo.
- Ernest Hemingway was a fan of Mr. Baroja. When they met in October 1956 Mr. Hemingway said: “Allow me to pay this small tribute to you who taught so much to those of us who wanted to be writers when we were young. I deplore the fact that you have not yet received a Nobel Prize, especially when it was given to so many who deserved it less, like me, who am only an adventurer.”
- Ricardo Baroja, the author’s brother was a painter and engraver, as well as a writer. Julio Caro Baroja, son of the author’s sister Carmen, was a noted anthropologist.
- Baroja was a key member of the Generation ’98 – a Spanish society of novelists, poets, essayists and thinkers active during the Spanish – American War.
- At the start of the Spanish Civil War, Mr. Baroja was arrest, but released after one day. Not taking any changes, the author went into exile in France.
Zohar — Man of la Book
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