Karl Gutzkow (17 March, 1811 – 16 December, 1878) was a German novelist and dramatist. He is known as a pioneer of the Young Germany movement in which German writers argued against absolutism in politics and religion.
Fun Facts about Karl Gutzkow:
- Karl Ferdinand Gutzkow was born in Berlin, Germany to a very poor family. His father had a job at the war office and was known to be very puritanical and demanding.
- After his basic studies were done, Mr. Gutzkow went to the University of Berlin to study philosophy and religion.
- While in school, a publication in an 1831 periodical got him noticed, and he was invited to Stuttgart to help edit the Literaturblatt (literary criticism) by his editor Wolfgang Menzel.
- Gutzkow continued his studies at Jena, Heidelberg and Munich. In 1833 he published his first novel Maha-Guru, Geschichte eines Gottes
- While in Frankfurt, he founded the Deutsche Revue in 1835. This made him a competitor of Menzel, instead of a collaborator.
- Karl Gutzkow’s 1835 novel Wally die Zweiflerin riled up the authorities because many notions from French writers, talked against the institution of marriage and other ideas. He was promptly jailed for three months at Mannheim, and suppression of everything he wrote, or will write, as well as prohibited of becoming an editor.
- After serving his sentence, during which her wrote a treatise, Karl Gutzkow went to Frankfurt, and later to Hamburg where he continued his literary activity with numerous plays.
- Gutzkow succeeded Ludwig Tieck, writer and drama theorist, in 1847 as the literary adviser to the court theater in Dresden.
- In 1850 he published his first volume of Die Ritter vom Geiste (The Knights of the Spirit), which is considered to be one of the first modern German social novel. The volume was followed by eight more.
- One of the causes Karl Gutzkow was passionate about was allowing Jews to assimilate into society (emancipation of the Jews). Some of his plays, especially Uriel Acosta, became standards in Yiddish theaters.
Zohar – Man of la Book
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